National Living Treasures

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National Living Treasures

The original 100 National Living Treasures were chosen by a national vote in 1997. This list was updated in 2004 and most recently in 2012.

National Living Treasures are exceptional Australians with substantial and enduring accomplishments in their field.

We celebrate their achievements and acknowledge that they are as diverse as Australia itself.

Current List


The list, in alphabetical order, stands as follows:

  1. Phillip Adams, humanist, social commentator
  2. Faith Bandler, academic, activist and advocate for Indigenous Australians and South Sea Islander people
  3. Marie Bashir, Governor of New South Wales, professor
  4. John Bell, actor
  5. Professor Geoffrey Blainey, historian
  6. Raelene Boyle, Olympic runner, sports commentator
  7. Father Frank Brennan, social commentator
  8. Senator Bob Brown, politician, Australian Greens activist
  9. Julian Burnside, barrister, refugee rights advocate, author
  10. Don Burrows, musician
  11. Dr Harry Butler, naturalist and conservationist
  12. The Reverend Tim Costello, social activist, commentator
  13. The Reverend Bill Crews, social activist
  14. Russell Crowe, actor
  15. Bart Cummings, racehorse trainer
  16. Betty Cuthbert, Olympic runner
  17. Judy Davis, actress
  18. Sir William Deane, former High Court judge and former Governor-General of Australia
  19. Ernie Dingo, Indigenous Australian television personality
  20. Mick Dodson, Indigenous Australian leader
  21. Pat Dodson, Indigenous Australian activist/leader
  22. Peter Doherty, immunologist, professor, Nobel Prize winner
  23. Ted Egan, musician, activist, administrator
  24. Herb Elliott, Olympic runner
  25. John Farnham, entertainer
  26. Dawn Fraser, Olympic swimmer, former politician
  27. Malcolm Fraser, former Prime Minister of Australia
  28. Professor Ian Frazer, scientist
  29. Cathy Freeman, Indigenous Australian sportsperson, Olympic runner
  30. Margaret Fulton, writer, food expert
  31. Peter Garrett, politician, former singer and social activist
  32. Jennie George, ACTU trade union leader, politician
  33. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Indigenous Australian tennis player
  34. Shane Gould, Olympic swimmer
  35. Germaine Greer, writer, social activist
  36. Catherine Hamlin, physician
  37. Rolf Harris, entertainer
  38. John Hatton, independent NSW politician
  39. Basil Hetzel, medical researcher, public health advocate
  40. The Rt Revd Peter Hollingworth, former Governor-General of Australia
  41. Gabi Hollows, social activist, philanthropist
  42. Janet Holmes à Court, business leader, philanthropist
  43. John Howard, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia
  44. Barry Humphries, entertainer
  45. Barry Jones, former politician, author, polymath
  46. Caroline Jones, television personality, social commentator
  47. Paul Keating, former Prime Minister of Australia
  48. Thomas Keneally, writer
  49. Cheryl Kernot, former politician
  50. Nicole Kidman, actress
  51. Ian Kiernan, businessman, social activist
  52. Justice Michael Kirby, lawyer, judge, social commentator
  53. Dame Leonie Kramer, academic, businesswoman
  54. Karl Kruszelnicki, scientist, author, media personality
  55. John Landy, Olympic athlete, former Governor of Victoria
  56. Rod Laver, tennis player, businessman
  57. Michael Leunig, cartoonist, social commentator
  58. Ted Mack, politician, social commentator
  59. David Malouf, novelist
  60. Colleen McCullough, author, writer
  61. Garry McDonald, actor
  62. Walter Mikac, survivors' advocate
  63. Kylie Minogue, singer, actress
  64. Jack Mundey, trade union leader
  65. Graeme Murphy, dancer, choreographer
  66. Les A Murray, poet
  67. John Newcombe, tennis player, television commentator
  68. Olivia Newton-John, singer, actress
  69. Greg Norman, golfer, businessman
  70. Sir Gustav Nossal, scientist, administrator
  71. Lowitja O'Donoghue, Indigenous Australian leader
  72. Pat O'Shane, magistrate, Indigenous Australian leader
  73. Clive Palmer, mining magnate
  74. Mary Paton, founder of the Nursing Mothers' Association
  75. Noel Pearson, Indigenous Australian leader
  76. Kieren Perkins, Olympic swimmer, television commentator
  77. Pat Rafter, tennis player
  78. Henry Reynolds, historian
  79. Ken Rosewall, tennis player
  80. Peter Sculthorpe, musician, composer
  81. Dick Smith, businessman, social commentator
  82. Fiona Stanley, physician
  83. Richard Tognetti, violinist and conductor
  84. Tom Uren, former politician
  85. Anthony Warlow, singer
  86. Gai Waterhouse, racehorse trainer
  87. Steve Waugh, cricketer
  88. Gough Whitlam, former Prime Minister of Australia
  89. Robyn Williams, science broadcaster
  90. David Williamson, playwright
  91. Tim Winton, novelist
  92. Fiona Wood, physician
  93. Roger Woodward, pianist
  94. John Yu, medical doctor
  95. Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Indigenous Australian leader

Deceased (formerly listed)


  • Betty Archdale, cricketer, educator (d. 2000)
  • Nancy Bird Walton, aviator (d. 2009)
  • Arthur Boyd, artist (d. 1999)
  • Sir Jack Brabham, world champion Formula One driver (d. 2014)
  • Sir Don Bradman, cricketer (d. 2001)
  • Ruth Cracknell, actress (d. 2002)
  • Sir Roden Cutler, World War II hero, Governor of New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • Don Dunstan, politician, Premier of South Australia, social commentator (d. 1999)
  • Slim Dusty, singer, entertainer (d. 2003)
  • Hazel Hawke, social activist, ex-wife of Bob Hawke, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2013)
  • Donald Horne, academic, writer, author of The Lucky Country (d. 2005)
  • Robert Hughes, art critic, author (d. 2012)
  • Elizabeth Jolley, author (d. 2007)
  • Jimmy Little, Indigenous Australian singer, (d. 2012)
  • Edward (Ted) Matthews, World War I soldier and last Gallipoli survivor (d. 1997)
  • Judith Wright McKinney, poet (d. 2000)
  • Sir Mark Oliphant, physicist, Governor of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • Margaret Olley, artist (d. 2011)
  • Charles Perkins, Indigenous Australian leader (d. 2000)
  • Mum (Shirl) Smith, Aboriginal Australian activist (d. 1998)
  • Dame Joan Sutherland, opera singer (d. 2010)
  • Mavis Taylor, humanitarian (d. 2007)
  • The Rev Sir Alan Walker, social commentator/activist (d. 2003)
  • Morris West, author (d. 1999)
  • Margaret Whitlam, social activist, wife of Gough Whitlam (d. 2012)
  • R. M. Williams, businessman (d. 2003)