National Living Treasures

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National Living Treasures

The original 100 National Living Treasures were chosen by a national vote in 1997. This list was updated in 2004 and most recently in 2012.

National Living Treasures are exceptional Australians with substantial and enduring accomplishments in their field.

We celebrate their achievements and acknowledge that they are as diverse as Australia itself.

Current List


The list, in alphabetical order, stands as follows:

  1. Phillip Adams, humanist, social commentator
  2. Marie Bashir, Governor of New South Wales, professor
  3. John Bell, actor
  4. Professor Geoffrey Blainey, historian
  5. Raelene Boyle, Olympic runner, sports commentator
  6. Father Frank Brennan, social commentator
  7. Senator Bob Brown, politician, Australian Greens activist
  8. Julian Burnside, barrister, refugee rights advocate, author
  9. Don Burrows, musician
  10. Dr Harry Butler, naturalist and conservationist
  11. The Reverend Tim Costello, social activist, commentator
  12. The Reverend Bill Crews, social activist
  13. Russell Crowe, actor
  14. Betty Cuthbert, Olympic runner
  15. Judy Davis, actress
  16. Sir William Deane, former High Court judge and former Governor-General of Australia
  17. Ernie Dingo, Indigenous Australian television personality
  18. Mick Dodson, Indigenous Australian leader
  19. Pat Dodson, Indigenous Australian activist/leader
  20. Peter Doherty, immunologist, professor, Nobel Prize winner
  21. Ted Egan, musician, activist, administrator
  22. Herb Elliott, Olympic runner
  23. John Farnham, entertainer
  24. Dawn Fraser, Olympic swimmer, former politician
  25. Professor Ian Frazer, scientist
  26. Cathy Freeman, Indigenous Australian sportsperson, Olympic runner
  27. Margaret Fulton, writer, food expert
  28. Peter Garrett, politician, former singer and social activist
  29. Jennie George, ACTU trade union leader, politician
  30. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Indigenous Australian tennis player
  31. Shane Gould, Olympic swimmer
  32. Germaine Greer, writer, social activist
  33. Catherine Hamlin, physician
  34. John Hatton, independent NSW politician
  35. Basil Hetzel, medical researcher, public health advocate
  36. The Rt Revd Peter Hollingworth, former Governor-General of Australia
  37. Gabi Hollows, social activist, philanthropist
  38. Janet Holmes à Court, business leader, philanthropist
  39. John Howard, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia
  40. Barry Humphries, entertainer
  41. Barry Jones, former politician, author, polymath
  42. Caroline Jones, television personality, social commentator
  43. Paul Keating, former Prime Minister of Australia
  44. Thomas Keneally, writer
  45. Cheryl Kernot, former politician
  46. Nicole Kidman, actress
  47. Ian Kiernan, businessman, social activist
  48. Justice Michael Kirby, lawyer, judge, social commentator
  49. Dame Leonie Kramer, academic, businesswoman
  50. Karl Kruszelnicki, scientist, author, media personality
  51. John Landy, Olympic athlete, former Governor of Victoria
  52. Rod Laver, tennis player, businessman
  53. Michael Leunig, cartoonist, social commentator
  54. Ted Mack, politician, social commentator
  55. David Malouf, novelist
  56. Garry McDonald, actor
  57. Walter Mikac, survivors' advocate
  58. Kylie Minogue, singer, actress
  59. Jack Mundey, trade union leader
  60. Graeme Murphy, dancer, choreographer
  61. Les A Murray, poet
  62. John Newcombe, tennis player, television commentator
  63. Olivia Newton-John, singer, actress
  64. Greg Norman, golfer, businessman
  65. Sir Gustav Nossal, scientist, administrator
  66. Lowitja O'Donoghue, Indigenous Australian leader
  67. Pat O'Shane, magistrate, Indigenous Australian leader
  68. Clive Palmer, mining magnate
  69. Mary Paton, founder of the Nursing Mothers' Association
  70. Noel Pearson, Indigenous Australian leader
  71. Kieren Perkins, Olympic swimmer, television commentator
  72. Pat Rafter, tennis player
  73. Henry Reynolds, historian
  74. Ken Rosewall, tennis player
  75. Dick Smith, businessman, social commentator
  76. Fiona Stanley, physician
  77. Richard Tognetti, violinist and conductor
  78. Anthony Warlow, singer
  79. Gai Waterhouse, racehorse trainer
  80. Steve Waugh, cricketer
  81. Robyn Williams, science broadcaster
  82. David Williamson, playwright
  83. Tim Winton, novelist
  84. Fiona Wood, physician
  85. Roger Woodward, pianist
  86. John Yu, medical doctor
  87. Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Indigenous Australian leader

Deceased (formerly listed)


  • Betty Archdale, cricketer, educator (d. 2000)
  • Faith Bandler, academic, activist and advocate for Indigenous Australians and South Sea Islander people (d. 2015)
  • Nancy Bird Walton, aviator (d. 2009)
  • Arthur Boyd, artist (d. 1999)
  • Sir Jack Brabham, world champion Formula One driver (d. 2014)
  • Sir Don Bradman, cricketer (d. 2001)
  • Ruth Cracknell, actress (d. 2002)
  • Bart Cummings, racehorse trainer (d. 2015)
  • Sir Roden Cutler, World War II hero, Governor of New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • Don Dunstan, politician, Premier of South Australia, social commentator (d. 1999)
  • Slim Dusty, singer, entertainer (d. 2003)
  • Malcom Fraser, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2015)
  • Hazel Hawke, social activist, ex-wife of Bob Hawke, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2013)
  • Donald Horne, academic, writer, author of The Lucky Country (d. 2005)
  • Robert Hughes, art critic, author (d. 2012)
  • Elizabeth Jolley, author (d. 2007)
  • Jimmy Little, Indigenous Australian singer, (d. 2012)
  • Edward (Ted) Matthews, World War I soldier and last Gallipoli survivor (d. 1997)
  • Colleen McCullough, author, writer (d. 2015)
  • Judith Wright McKinney, poet (d. 2000)
  • Sir Mark Oliphant, physicist, Governor of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • Margaret Olley, artist (d. 2011)
  • Charles Perkins, Indigenous Australian leader (d. 2000)
  • Peter Sculthorpe, musician, composer (d. 2014)
  • Mum (Shirl) Smith, Aboriginal Australian activist (d. 1998)
  • Dame Joan Sutherland, opera singer (d. 2010)
  • Mavis Taylor, humanitarian (d. 2007)
  • Tom Uren, former politician (d. 2015)
  • The Rev Sir Alan Walker, social commentator/activist (d. 2003)
  • Morris West, author (d. 1999)
  • Gough Whitlam, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2014)
  • Margaret Whitlam, social activist, wife of Gough Whitlam (d. 2012)
  • R. M. Williams, businessman (d. 2003)

Formerly Listed


At the National Trust of Australia (New South Wales) Board Meeting 254 of 30th July 2014 it was resolved that pursuant to recent court proceedings and findings of the English Court, Rolf Harris be formally removed from the list of Australia's National Living Treasures and the award withdrawn.