National Living Treasures

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National Living Treasures

The original 100 National Living Treasures were chosen by a national vote in 1997. This list was updated in 2004 and most recently in 2012.

National Living Treasures are exceptional Australians with substantial and enduring accomplishments in their field.

We celebrate their achievements and acknowledge that they are as diverse as Australia itself.

Current List


The list, in alphabetical order, stands as follows:

  1. Phillip Adams, humanist, social commentator
  2. Faith Bandler, academic, activist and advocate for Indigenous Australians and South Sea Islander people
  3. Marie Bashir, Governor of New South Wales, professor
  4. John Bell, actor
  5. Professor Geoffrey Blainey, historian
  6. Raelene Boyle, Olympic runner, sports commentator
  7. Sir Jack Brabham, world champion Formula One driver
  8. Father Frank Brennan, social commentator
  9. Senator Bob Brown, politician, Australian Greens activist
  10. Julian Burnside, barrister, refugee rights advocate, author
  11. Don Burrows, musician
  12. Dr Harry Butler, naturalist and conservationist
  13. The Reverend Tim Costello, social activist, commentator
  14. The Reverend Bill Crews, social activist
  15. Russell Crowe, actor
  16. Bart Cummings, racehorse trainer
  17. Betty Cuthbert, Olympic runner
  18. Judy Davis, actress
  19. Sir William Deane, former High Court judge and former Governor-General of Australia
  20. Ernie Dingo, Indigenous Australian television personality
  21. Mick Dodson, Indigenous Australian leader
  22. Pat Dodson, Indigenous Australian activist/leader
  23. Peter Doherty, immunologist, professor, Nobel Prize winner
  24. Ted Egan, musician, activist, administrator
  25. Herb Elliott, Olympic runner
  26. John Farnham, entertainer
  27. Dawn Fraser, Olympic swimmer, former politician
  28. Malcolm Fraser, former Prime Minister of Australia
  29. Professor Ian Frazer, scientist
  30. Cathy Freeman, Indigenous Australian sportsperson, Olympic runner
  31. Margaret Fulton, writer, food expert
  32. Peter Garrett, politician, former singer and social activist
  33. Jennie George, ACTU trade union leader, politician
  34. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Indigenous Australian tennis player
  35. Shane Gould, Olympic swimmer
  36. Germaine Greer, writer, social activist
  37. Catherine Hamlin, physician
  38. Rolf Harris, entertainer
  39. John Hatton, independent NSW politician
  40. Basil Hetzel, medical researcher, public health advocate
  41. The Rt Revd Peter Hollingworth, former Governor-General of Australia
  42. Gabi Hollows, social activist, philanthropist
  43. Janet Holmes à Court, business leader, philanthropist
  44. John Howard, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia
  45. Barry Humphries, entertainer
  46. Barry Jones, former politician, author, polymath
  47. Caroline Jones, television personality, social commentator
  48. Paul Keating, former Prime Minister of Australia
  49. Thomas Keneally, writer
  50. Cheryl Kernot, former politician
  51. Nicole Kidman, actress
  52. Ian Kiernan, businessman, social activist
  53. Justice Michael Kirby, lawyer, judge, social commentator
  54. Dame Leonie Kramer, academic, businesswoman
  55. Karl Kruszelnicki, scientist, author, media personality
  56. John Landy, Olympic athlete, former Governor of Victoria
  57. Rod Laver, tennis player, businessman
  58. Michael Leunig, cartoonist, social commentator
  59. Ted Mack, politician, social commentator
  60. David Malouf, novelist
  61. Colleen McCullough, author, writer
  62. Garry McDonald, actor
  63. Walter Mikac, survivors' advocate
  64. Kylie Minogue, singer, actress
  65. Jack Mundey, trade union leader
  66. Graeme Murphy, dancer, choreographer
  67. Les A Murray, poet
  68. John Newcombe, tennis player, television commentator
  69. Olivia Newton-John, singer, actress
  70. Greg Norman, golfer, businessman
  71. Sir Gustav Nossal, scientist, administrator
  72. Lowitja O'Donoghue, Indigenous Australian leader
  73. Pat O'Shane, magistrate, Indigenous Australian leader
  74. Clive Palmer, mining magnate
  75. Mary Paton, founder of the Nursing Mothers' Association
  76. Noel Pearson, Indigenous Australian leader
  77. Kieren Perkins, Olympic swimmer, television commentator
  78. Pat Rafter, tennis player
  79. Henry Reynolds, historian
  80. Ken Rosewall, tennis player
  81. Peter Sculthorpe, musician, composer
  82. Dick Smith, businessman, social commentator
  83. Fiona Stanley, physician
  84. Richard Tognetti, violinist and conductor
  85. Tom Uren, former politician
  86. Anthony Warlow, singer
  87. Gai Waterhouse, racehorse trainer
  88. Steve Waugh, cricketer
  89. Gough Whitlam, former Prime Minister of Australia
  90. Robyn Williams, science broadcaster
  91. David Williamson, playwright
  92. Tim Winton, novelist
  93. Fiona Wood, physician
  94. Roger Woodward, pianist
  95. John Yu, medical doctor
  96. Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Indigenous Australian leader

Deceased (formerly listed)


  • Betty Archdale, cricketer, educator (d. 2000)
  • Nancy Bird Walton, aviator (d. 2009)
  • Arthur Boyd, artist (d. 1999)
  • Sir Don Bradman, cricketer (d. 2001)
  • Ruth Cracknell, actress (d. 2002)
  • Sir Roden Cutler, World War II hero, Governor of New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • Don Dunstan, politician, Premier of South Australia, social commentator (d. 1999)
  • Slim Dusty, singer, entertainer (d. 2003)
  • Hazel Hawke, social activist, ex-wife of Bob Hawke, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2013)
  • Donald Horne, academic, writer, author of The Lucky Country (d. 2005)
  • Robert Hughes, art critic, author (d. 2012)
  • Elizabeth Jolley, author (d. 2007)
  • Jimmy Little, Indigenous Australian singer, (d. 2012)
  • Edward (Ted) Matthews, World War I soldier and last Gallipoli survivor (d. 1997)
  • Judith Wright McKinney, poet (d. 2000)
  • Sir Mark Oliphant, physicist, Governor of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • Margaret Olley, artist (d. 2011)
  • Charles Perkins, Indigenous Australian leader (d. 2000)
  • Mum (Shirl) Smith, Aboriginal Australian activist (d. 1998)
  • Dame Joan Sutherland, opera singer (d. 2010)
  • Mavis Taylor, humanitarian (d. 2007)
  • The Rev Sir Alan Walker, social commentator/activist (d. 2003)
  • Morris West, author (d. 1999)
  • Margaret Whitlam, social activist, wife of Gough Whitlam (d. 2012)
  • R. M. Williams, businessman (d. 2003)