National Living Treasures

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National Living Treasures

The original 100 National Living Treasures were chosen by a national vote in 1997. This list was updated in 2004 and most recently in 2012.

National Living Treasures are exceptional Australians with substantial and enduring accomplishments in their field.

We celebrate their achievements and acknowledge that they are as diverse as Australia itself.

Current List


The list, in alphabetical order, stands as follows:

  1. Phillip Adams, humanist, social commentator
  2. Marie Bashir, Governor of New South Wales, professor
  3. John Bell, actor
  4. Professor Geoffrey Blainey, historian
  5. Raelene Boyle, Olympic runner, sports commentator
  6. Father Frank Brennan, social commentator
  7. Senator Bob Brown, politician, Australian Greens activist
  8. Julian Burnside, barrister, refugee rights advocate, author
  9. Don Burrows, musician
  10. Dr Harry Butler, naturalist and conservationist
  11. The Reverend Tim Costello, social activist, commentator
  12. The Reverend Bill Crews, social activist
  13. Russell Crowe, actor
  14. Bart Cummings, racehorse trainer
  15. Betty Cuthbert, Olympic runner
  16. Judy Davis, actress
  17. Sir William Deane, former High Court judge and former Governor-General of Australia
  18. Ernie Dingo, Indigenous Australian television personality
  19. Mick Dodson, Indigenous Australian leader
  20. Pat Dodson, Indigenous Australian activist/leader
  21. Peter Doherty, immunologist, professor, Nobel Prize winner
  22. Ted Egan, musician, activist, administrator
  23. Herb Elliott, Olympic runner
  24. John Farnham, entertainer
  25. Dawn Fraser, Olympic swimmer, former politician
  26. Professor Ian Frazer, scientist
  27. Cathy Freeman, Indigenous Australian sportsperson, Olympic runner
  28. Margaret Fulton, writer, food expert
  29. Peter Garrett, politician, former singer and social activist
  30. Jennie George, ACTU trade union leader, politician
  31. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Indigenous Australian tennis player
  32. Shane Gould, Olympic swimmer
  33. Germaine Greer, writer, social activist
  34. Catherine Hamlin, physician
  35. John Hatton, independent NSW politician
  36. Basil Hetzel, medical researcher, public health advocate
  37. The Rt Revd Peter Hollingworth, former Governor-General of Australia
  38. Gabi Hollows, social activist, philanthropist
  39. Janet Holmes à Court, business leader, philanthropist
  40. John Howard, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia
  41. Barry Humphries, entertainer
  42. Barry Jones, former politician, author, polymath
  43. Caroline Jones, television personality, social commentator
  44. Paul Keating, former Prime Minister of Australia
  45. Thomas Keneally, writer
  46. Cheryl Kernot, former politician
  47. Nicole Kidman, actress
  48. Ian Kiernan, businessman, social activist
  49. Justice Michael Kirby, lawyer, judge, social commentator
  50. Dame Leonie Kramer, academic, businesswoman
  51. Karl Kruszelnicki, scientist, author, media personality
  52. John Landy, Olympic athlete, former Governor of Victoria
  53. Rod Laver, tennis player, businessman
  54. Michael Leunig, cartoonist, social commentator
  55. Ted Mack, politician, social commentator
  56. David Malouf, novelist
  57. Garry McDonald, actor
  58. Walter Mikac, survivors' advocate
  59. Kylie Minogue, singer, actress
  60. Jack Mundey, trade union leader
  61. Graeme Murphy, dancer, choreographer
  62. Les A Murray, poet
  63. John Newcombe, tennis player, television commentator
  64. Olivia Newton-John, singer, actress
  65. Greg Norman, golfer, businessman
  66. Sir Gustav Nossal, scientist, administrator
  67. Lowitja O'Donoghue, Indigenous Australian leader
  68. Pat O'Shane, magistrate, Indigenous Australian leader
  69. Clive Palmer, mining magnate
  70. Mary Paton, founder of the Nursing Mothers' Association
  71. Noel Pearson, Indigenous Australian leader
  72. Kieren Perkins, Olympic swimmer, television commentator
  73. Pat Rafter, tennis player
  74. Henry Reynolds, historian
  75. Ken Rosewall, tennis player
  76. Dick Smith, businessman, social commentator
  77. Fiona Stanley, physician
  78. Richard Tognetti, violinist and conductor
  79. Anthony Warlow, singer
  80. Gai Waterhouse, racehorse trainer
  81. Steve Waugh, cricketer
  82. Robyn Williams, science broadcaster
  83. David Williamson, playwright
  84. Tim Winton, novelist
  85. Fiona Wood, physician
  86. Roger Woodward, pianist
  87. John Yu, medical doctor
  88. Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Indigenous Australian leader

Deceased (formerly listed)


  • Betty Archdale, cricketer, educator (d. 2000)
  • Faith Bandler, academic, activist and advocate for Indigenous Australians and South Sea Islander people (d. 2015)
  • Nancy Bird Walton, aviator (d. 2009)
  • Arthur Boyd, artist (d. 1999)
  • Sir Jack Brabham, world champion Formula One driver (d. 2014)
  • Sir Don Bradman, cricketer (d. 2001)
  • Ruth Cracknell, actress (d. 2002)
  • Sir Roden Cutler, World War II hero, Governor of New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • Don Dunstan, politician, Premier of South Australia, social commentator (d. 1999)
  • Slim Dusty, singer, entertainer (d. 2003)
  • Malcom Fraser, politician, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2015)
  • Hazel Hawke, social activist, ex-wife of Bob Hawke, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2013)
  • Donald Horne, academic, writer, author of The Lucky Country (d. 2005)
  • Robert Hughes, art critic, author (d. 2012)
  • Elizabeth Jolley, author (d. 2007)
  • Jimmy Little, Indigenous Australian singer, (d. 2012)
  • Edward (Ted) Matthews, World War I soldier and last Gallipoli survivor (d. 1997)
  • Colleen McCullough, author, writer (d. 2015)
  • Judith Wright McKinney, poet (d. 2000)
  • Sir Mark Oliphant, physicist, Governor of South Australia (d. 2000)
  • Margaret Olley, artist (d. 2011)
  • Charles Perkins, Indigenous Australian leader (d. 2000)
  • Peter Sculthorpe, musician, composer (d. 2014)
  • Mum (Shirl) Smith, Aboriginal Australian activist (d. 1998)
  • Dame Joan Sutherland, opera singer (d. 2010)
  • Mavis Taylor, humanitarian (d. 2007)
  • Tom Uren, former politician (d. 2015)
  • The Rev Sir Alan Walker, social commentator/activist (d. 2003)
  • Morris West, author (d. 1999)
  • Gough Whitlam, former Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2014)
  • Margaret Whitlam, social activist, wife of Gough Whitlam (d. 2012)
  • R. M. Williams, businessman (d. 2003)

Formerly Listed


At the National Trust of Australia (New South Wales) Board Meeting 254 of 30th July 2014 it was resolved that pursuant to recent court proceedings and findings of the English Court, Rolf Harris be formally removed from the list of Australia's National Living Treasures and the award withdrawn.